How Bauhaus Design Changed the Way We Live Today
November 9th marks the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the uniting of a divided Germany. Wunderbar! This European country has had a major impact on our modern lifestyle, so we're taking a look back at what the Bauhaus (furniture, architecture and art) is and how it changed the design world we live in today.
Bauhaus in was born: Founded in Germany, the Bauhaus school reigned from 1919-1933, forming the architecture and interiors of the Twenties.
It was a response: Heavily influenced by modernism and simplified forms, the Bauhaus school of thought was a matter-of-fact response after the overly emotional German Expressionism period in the age of Art Deco. Read: Art Deco was so over-the-top flamboyant, Bauhaus influencers scaled back with clean lines and bold, primary colors.
The shock therapy of design: Between the Machine Age of mass production and a post-war mentality, the way Europeans were living changed in a drastic way. How things were done before were rejected and designers began looking at living in a new, more streamlined way. Stripped down designs were the new focus, while staying mindful of an individual artistic spirit in a mass-produced world. Clean lines, sharp corners and solid colors, shocked and changed the future of the design world.
What came after: Famed Bauhaus furniture designs such as Marcel Breuer's Wassily Chair (inspired by bent metal bicycle handles) and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe's Barcelona Chair (created for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona with the King and Queen of Spain in mind) are still known today—and in practically every office! Experimentations and radical thought changed the way designers were creating and altered the way modern man desired to live—to throw out the clutter and have a more simplified home. This evolution influenced future designers and eventually gave birth to the Mid-Century Modern movement we all know and love.
Interior by Architect Jack Viks// Photo courtesy of Houzz